Using these methods to communicate successful return status constitutes a dependency on the underlying operating system. Sometimes these calls are used when a fatal error is detected, which makes problems extremely hard to track down.
Solution: avoid these calls, if possible, by using
assert or throwing an exception.
Severity level: 2
Runtime.exec() introduce dependencies on the operating system and its configuration. For example, a program used by
Runtime.exec() may not even exist on a different platform, or may exist in a different version with potentially different parameters. Similarly, environment variables accessed by
System.getenv() may or may not exist, and their values may be operating system dependent (e.g. file paths), or may or may not be case sensitive.
Solution: carefully evaluate if these calls are really necessary
Severity level: 4
The character sequence for a new line is operating system specific. The characters
\n in string and character literals should therefore be avoided in favor of using
System.getProperty("line.separator") to ensure portability across operating systems.
Severity level: 5